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Unit 12

ESSAY

For this essay, I anticipate that the digitalization of the journalism industry has been for the best and has been one of the best technical advances in a long time. I expect to find out how technical advances has had an impact on journalists lives and how they have had to adapt to accommodate their audience, either this been online or in magazines. I also anticipate to find out that people have found it a hard transition this not just been the journalist but the reader, the fact that they have had to learn how to get their information from somewhere else.

The reason I have chosen to research this is because I think this was a difficult thing for journalists and their audiences to deal with and overcome. I want to learn and understand what journalists had to do and how they had to adapt to draw people online to read and see there copy. This is going to help me in my own work by finding out what draws people to online publications.

Concurring to my first academic source Bradshaw and Rohumaa, “some fear that ‘traditional’ skills of news gathering and news writing will disappear, and that technology will become more important that stories” (2011, pg2). This is stating that tradition ways of gathering and writing copy is going to be over took by technology, as this was written in 2011 it has happened now we have gotten to 2017. This quote depends on what you as the reader interoperate the word “traditional” as, I see it as pen and paper and going out on the street to find the story but others might see it as asking lots of personal questions to get enough information to draw in their readers. I asked Stacey Rhodes (18) a journalism student what she thought. She said “I think that the traditional skills of new writing haven’t changed as much as the gathering side of journalism have, you just need to be carful what your writing because it will stay on there for a long time.” This quote links to my hypothesis and supports it because it states that technology will become more important along with online media.

According to Lareau which is a cultural source, “All this digitization has meant a move away from equipment-based jobs” (2017). This quote is stating that because of the digitalization movement the lives of some journalistic roles have been compromised and they have had to adapt to continue with there careers by keeping up with the technical advances. This backs up my hypothesis because it shows that people have had to adapt and in some cases be laid off work.

Lareau also said “The fact that digital equipment is easier to use has led to new expectations of how we work, and blurred job titles and job descriptions. Citizen journalism has allowed the numbers of reporters and photographers to be lower. The growth in numbers of amateur columnists and opinion writers is staggering” (2017).  This quote suggests that the industry has needed less and less highered reporters because people have now got smart phones and cameras, due to the advances in technology, so readily available to capture the story and post it straight to the internet. This quote also suggests that a journalist doesn’t only now do the writing or just the sourcing. Where this quote states “blurred job titles” it means that they don’t have a specific job or skill, they do everything and anything because if they don’t the journalist is going to be left behind. All this suggests that the digitalization movement is better for the industry but not for the individual journalist. This quote backs up and further supports my hypothesis because it explains how both citizens/readers have help the journalist and the journalism insdusty.

Moving on to my next academic source. According to Foust, “on the internet, more than with any other mediums, people have the power to choose the information they want when they want, retrieve it how they want and where they want” (2005). This quote suggests that the reader has all the power when it comes to what is going to read online, this makes it hard for the journalist because if a piece of copy is put in a newspaper its in and there’s nothing the reader can do about it but when a journalist post a piece of there work online the reader can choose to go no where near it and therefore the journalist getting no hits. This quote supports my hypothesis because it explains that the reader is the one in control and that the journalist is having to adapt to capture the attention of the reader to get their hits.

Foust also said “the internet provides the potential for a greater level of audience involvement in the journalistic process” (2005). This quote further backs up the previous point by saying that the audience have had to adapt from just reading the copy to been able to adapt the copy that’s already written and add extra.

My final source is from a newspaper. According to Krotoski, “The web’s effect on news reporting is considered the most clear evidence that this is a revolutionary technology: news editors – and in some cases, the governments that they observe – are no longer the gatekeepers to information because costs of distribution have almost completely disappeared.” This quote suggests that people already know what’s going on within the news before the reporter has time to use the tradition methods to report the same news. This is, as the quote says, the revolution of technology. This links and supports my hypothesis because it talks about the technical advances and how this has had a great impact on both the journalist and the reader.

Overall, from doing my research I have found out that my suggested hypothesis was correct by analysing quotes from both my academic and cultural sources. From books that talked about “traditional skills” and “evolving” to journals talking about digitalization, I have also included people’s opinion on the matter. The only point in my hypothesis that I have been unable to find out is; how people have found the transition when digitalization took place.

Research Sources –

Foust, J.C. (2005) Online journalism: Principles and practices of news for the web : Holcomb Hathaway Publishing.

Krotoski (2011) What effect has the internet had on journalism? What effect has the internet had on journalism? [online] 1/2/17 at: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/feb/20/what-effect-internet-on-journalism

Lareau (2017) The impact of digital technology on media workers: Life has completely changed [online] 31/1/17 at http://www.ephemerajournal.org/contribution/impact-digital-technology-media-workers-life-has-completely-changed

Rohumaa, L. and Bradshaw, P. (2011) The online journalism handbook: Skills to survive and thrive in the digital age: Prentice Hall.

Researching Unit 12

Surname, initial, (year of publication), (which addition), title, publisher, page number

The online journalism handbook – skills to survive and thrive in the digital age

Paul Bradshaw

liisa rohumaa

Pearson Education Limited

2011

 

Page 2-

“we’re all online journalists now. Whether we work for a newspaper, a broadcaster or a online outlet, our stories, pictures, audio and video appear online and what started out in print becomes archived on the web – from ink to hyperlink”

 

“some fear that ‘traditional’ skills of news gathering and news writing will disappear, and that technology will become more important that stories.”

 

“traditional skills remain central to the journalist’s craft.”

 

“online journalism is evolving and reports have to be adaptable.”

 

“users increasingly expect the news to come to them”

 


Third Edition, Online Journalism, Principles and Practices of News for the Web

James c Foust

Holcomb Hathaway publishers

2005

 

Page 6 –

 

“the internets first advantage is that it affords the audience greater control over information.”

 

“on the internet, more than with any other mediums, people have the power to choose the information they want when they want, retrieve it how they want and where they want.”

 

Page 11-

 

“the internet provides the potential for a greater level of audience involvement in the journalistic process.”

 

“this involvement ranges from simple commenting on stories all the way to citizen journalism, whereby stories are actually written by members of the audience.”  .

 


http://www.ephemerajournal.org/contribution/impact-digital-technology-media-workers-life-has-completely-changed

 

ephemerajournal

 

Lise Lareau

 

The impact of digital technology on media workers: Life has completely changed

 

“All this digitization has meant a move away from equipment-based jobs.”

 

“Audio and video editing can be done on a reporter’s or producer’s desktop. Videotape no longer requires lighting or sound technicians.”

 

“The fact that digital equipment is easier to use has led to new expectations of how we work, and blurred job titles and job descriptions.”

 

“Citizen journalism has allowed the numbers of reporters and photographers to be lower. It may not have directly led to layoffs but it’s been an enabler of layoffs. The growth in numbers of amateur columnists and opinion writers is staggering.”

 

“the digital revolution prompted another disastrous series of events in journalism: it fuelled the great rush to media convergence”

 

“The problem is that every time one company bought a newspaper or TV station, the first thing they did was lay off people to pay for it”

 

“But now she says it’s faster. Gone are the rough deadline times of 12 noon and 5 pm. Now the expectation is file video, audio and print, all the time.”

 

“It’s all about getting those six paragraphs out faster than anyone else. The pressure is to beat the other news services’ online news.”

 


 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/feb/20/what-effect-internet-on-journalism

 

What effect has the internet had on journalism?

Aleks Krotoski

 

20 February 2011

 

“The web’s effect on news reporting is considered the most clear evidence that this is a revolutionary technology: news editors – and in some cases, the governments that they observe – are no longer the gatekeepers to information because costs of distribution have almost completely disappeared.”

 

“If knowledge is power, the web is the greatest tool in the history of the world.”

 

“The process that happens before a story is published has also been transformed.

 

“The web has become the go-to point for the globe when it comes to getting information; it’s the same for reporters.”

 

“Online, they find a multiplicity of perspectives and a library of available knowledge that provides the context for stories. Increasingly, the stories are coming from the web.”

unit 12 Specialist Study proposal

Tittle –

An in-depth study of how digitalization has had an Impact on the role of the journalist and the industry of journalism.

Aims –

I am going to be researching how the digitalization of media has changed and effected the way the journalist works making the reader go online for there information. I am going to be looking at what the journalist has had to do to adapt to the current needs. The research I intend to carry out will include mainly secondary (academic) but will include some primary in the form of interviews. The secondary research will be collected from textbooks, online journals, Documentaries, Magazines and other books.

My hypothesis for my study is that the digitaliztion of the journalism industry has been for the best and has been one of the best technical advances in a long time. I expect to find out how technical advances has had an impact on journalists lives and how they have had to adapt to accommodate there audience, either this been online or in magazines. I also expect to find out that people have found it a hard transition this not just been the journalist but the read, the fact that they have had to learn how to get there information from somewhere else.

I expect my concussion will be that people have found it hard with this advance and transition but because it wants a overnight change they had the time to get there head around it both the reader and everyone in the journalism industry.

Rationale –

I feel like this will all help me develop as a journalist because I will be building on the skills I have been learning in the past units. For example; my research skills and been able to pin point information, writing in a concise way and using professional techniques. This is going to help me when it comes to my Final Project, which is going to be an online lifestyle magazine, because I will be able to understand what draws people to an online publication rather than print causing the transition of many journalists and how I can adapt my self to the role of a journalist in the current industry.

My online magazine is going to be based on lifestyle, which will include topics like; food and drink, travel, technology and many more. These posts will include feature writing, blog posts and reviews of chosen products.

Bibliography –

Rohumaa, L. and Bradshaw, P. (2011) The online journalism handbook: Skills to survive and thrive in the digital age. New York: Prentice Hall.

Foust, J.C. (2005) Online journalism: Principles and practices of news for the web /. Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway Publishing.

Lareau, L. (2017) The impact of digital technology on media workers: Life has completely changed. Available at: http://www.ephemerajournal.org/contribution/impact-digital-technology-media-workers-life-has-completely-changed (Accessed: 3 February 2017).

Krotoski, A. (2011) What effect has the internet had on journalism? What effect has the internet had on journalism? Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/feb/20/what-effect-internet-on-journalism (Accessed: 3 February 2017).

Literature Review Unit 12.2.1, 12.2.2

Literature Review-

This report is about how digitalization has had an impact on the role of the journalist and the industry of journalism. I am going to be researching how the digitalization of media has changed and effected the way the journalist works making the reader go online for there information. The aim of my research has been to test my hypothesis. I have used both academic and cultural sources. The most of my research is from an academic source and I have chosen to mainly use these sources due to them been valid and had the time and research put in to them because they are all recently published.

My first research source; The online journalism handbook had both strengths and weaknesses to it. This book had key points that will be relevant when it comes to writing my study and I was able to gather plenty of quotes that will be used. Another strength is that it it current and relevant, because it was published in 2011.. Unfortunately, there was more information on how to “thrive in the digital age” than actual the transition and how this has affected the journalist. This source is reliable and will help me write my study essay by giving me quotes on how the digitalization has had a impact on journalism  .

My second source; Online Journalism, this book talks about principles and practices of news for the Web. This book had some relevant information that I will be able to use when it come study but it didn’t have as much as I first thought when looking at the title. It took me a long time to find the reliable and valid quotes within this source which is a weakness of this book. I do think this book is a valid and reliable source to my specialist study and will help me to show how the digitalization of media has impacted journalism.

My third source is an academic journal from online the article is called The impact of digital technology on media workers. This journal has lots of great points and plenty of them I will be able to use in my specialist study. This source is very relevant when it comes to my study due to it been full of key information. This is both valid and relevant to my study essay and it help me when wanting to know how digitalisation has affected specific jobs.

My final source is a newspaper article written by a journalist. The article is called What effect has the internet had on journalism? This article had a few point that I will be able to use but again it took a long time to find what was going to be relevant to my study. I found some information on how the web has affected news reporting and technology has helped this, this is valid because it was a recently published article with recent views and will help me with my Study essay.

Overall, each of the sources I have used are all relevant and valid in some way and will help me when it comes to producing my specialist study. I think Books will help me the most because they have had been created by academics that have been researched before been written meaning that that there more valid to my study.

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